2.5 – Conservation Status

The Albertine graben’s unique habitats support a high diversity of species and ecological processes. Of the ten (10) National Parks, seven (7) occur within the Albertine graben. There are also twelve (12) Wildlife Reserves, thirteen (13) wildlife sanctuaries and five (5) Community Wildlife Areas. The protected areas system of the Albertine Graben is about 70 percent of all national parks and wildlife reserves inUganda(Buhanga, 2009).

The conservation areas found in the Albertine Graben were divided into conservation designations determined by the Government of Uganda and designations determined through Global conservation agreements. All conservation areas along the Albertine graben were recoded and scored against these conservation categories. An initial value was awarded to each conservation area based on its national conservation designation i.e. National Park – 9, Forest Reserve – 6, Wildlife Reserve – 5 and Community Wildlife Area – 3. A value was added to the initial value for every additional global conservation designation. For World Heritage site – 5, Biosphere Reserve – 3, Ramsar Site – 3 and Important Bird Area – 1 was added. A final conservation status value for each protected area was generated by adding up the values scored for the specific conservation area (See Table 1 below). A map of conservation status for each protected area was then generated using the final value (Total). It needs to be noted that for conservation areas that had Ramsar sites, the Ramsar site value was only reflected for the actual extent of the conservation area that is designated as a Ramsar site and not the whole conservation area. There are several small forest reserves that have not been indicated in the table. These have, however, been scored and registered in the conservation status map.

 

 

Table 2.1: Conservation areas along the Albertine graben scored against conservation categories

Conservation designation
Conservation Area

NP

FR

WR

CWA

WHS

BR

RS

IBA

Total

Mt.Otze

6

6

Mt.Kei

6

6

Ajai WR

5

1

6

MFNP

9

3

1

13

Bugungu WR

5

5

Karuma WR

5

5

Kabwoya WR

5

5

Kaiso-Tonya WCA

3

3

Semliki NP

9

1

10

Semliki WR

5

1

6

Mt. Rwenzori NP

9

5

3

1

18

Kibale NP

9

1

10

QENP

9

3

3

1

16

Bwindi NP

9

5

1

15

LakeMburo NP

9

9

Mgahinga NP

9

1

10

Budongo FR

6

1

7

Bugoma FR

6

6

Kashoha-Kitomi FR

6

6

Kalinzu FR

6

6

Maramagambo FR

6

6

Katonga WR

5

5

Kigezi WR

5

5

 

Figure 2.14: The map showing the conservation status ranking of all protected areas in the Albertine graben

Figure 2.14: The map showing the conservation status ranking of all protected areas in the Albertine graben

Highlights of the conservation status map

Mt.Rwenzori National park shows the highest conservation status value (Figure 2.14). This is followed by Bwindi NP, Queen Elizabeth NP and the delta area of Murchison Falls NP.